Binance US startet OTC-Plattform - Kryptoszene.de

List of bitcoin person-to-person (P2P) bitcoin exchanges (e.g., Bisq, HodlHodl, LocalCoinSwap, etc.)

Following is a list of P2P exchanges for trading Bitcoin. Common payment methods include bank transfer, cash deposited in the seller's bank account, in-person cash (face-to-face) trades as well as payment networks such as Zelle, Alipay, even Cash App and PayPal, for example.
Any that I am missing?
Altcoin-only P2P Trading exchanges
AggregatoSearch and Helper Sites
Note: If you use one of the above P2P OTC trade "matchmaking" services, please trade with caution and do your own due diligence.
This list does not include exchanges not in English (e.g., 58Coin), deserted or defunct marketplaces (e.g., Cancoin, and Rahakott), not-yet launched (e.g., OTCBoss), ones that operate only through dark markets, or online-only DEX/decentralized exchanges (another list of DEXes).
Also, there are a number of variants that I didn't list:
Otherwise, there are a number of other exchanges — with varying attributes. We recommended trying to stick with No-KYC exchanges, including most of the ones listed on:
Additions, corrections, and other feedback welcome and can be submitted as an issue or pull request on GitHub, or via e-mail.
[Note: There is also a corresponding post on Medium with this information as well.]
submitted by cointastical to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

What's Happening At Dash? | Continually Updated News & Announcements Thread

Welcome to dashpay!
If you are new to Dash, we encourage you to check out our wiki, where the Dash project is explained from the ground up with many links to valuable information resources. Also check out the menu bar on top and the sidebar to the right. We have very active Discord and Telegram channels where the community is happy to answer any and all newcomer questions.

Purpose of this post

This post is directed towards community members who wish to rapidly access information on current developments surrounding the Dash cryptocurrency.
Lately we've noticed how the pace of events picked up significantly within the Dash project due to many years of hard work coming together and pieces falling into place ("Evolution" is finally here. It's called Dash Platform). For the purpose of keeping these many pieces of information together, however, singular Reddit submissions are insufficient. Thus we decided to maintain a pinned thread collecting blog posts, interviews, articles, podcasts, videos & announcements. Check back regularly, as this thread will always feature the latest news around Dash, while also serving as a mid-term archive for important announcements and developments.
Journalists looking for news and contact opportunities wrt Dash, please bookmark:

Dash Press Room

"At Dash Press Room you will find the latest press releases, media materials and product updates on Dash - Digital Cash."

Dash Platform Video Series (formerly known as "Evolution") with Amanda B. Johnson

  1. Dash is Becoming a Cloud | Dash Platform #1
  2. What is Dash Drive? | Dash Platform #2
  3. What is Dash's Decentralized API? (DAPI) | Dash Platform #3
  4. Usernames & Dash Platform Name Service (DPNS) | Dash Platform #4
  5. What is Dash Platform Protocol? (DPP) | Dash Platform #5

Dash Core Group News

(last updated: Oct 30th, 2020)

Dash Newsroom with Mark Mason & Dash Talk with Amanda B. Johnson

(last updated: Oct 30th, 2020)

Development news

(last updated: Oct 30th, 2020)

Adoption, Partnership, Business Development, General News

(last updated: Oct 30th, 2020)
submitted by Basilpop to dashpay [link] [comments]

BitMax.io & Lambda Joint AMA

BitMax.io & Lambda Joint AMA
George Cao :Let’s welcome lambda team . Xiaoyang and Lucy
Lambda: Hello friends from BitMax ~~ I am Lucy Wang, Co-founder and CMO of Lambda. I am very happy to e-meet with you here and thx for George's invitation. I on behalf of Lambda wish all of you a merry Christmas and prosperous new year in 2019
George Cao: Great. I am a bit surprised to see a big volume day yesterday Christmas. Seems our users didn’t take a break even on holidays :)
Lambda: I'd like to take this opportunity to introduce myself first, I have over 14 years of progressive career development with global leading enterprise software / service organizations as well as VC-backed start-up ventures, including HP, Oracle, and SAP. Before Lambda I was CMO/GM at two enterprise SaaS start ups in China backed by top VCs.
And my partner Mr. He Xiaoyang, who is the founder of Lambda, he is a well-known expert in infrastructure and open source software in China. Prior to Lambda, he was the co-founder of OneAPM, a fast-growing infrastructure software focusing on ITOM (IT operation management) in China. OneAPM is known as the “New Relic or AppDynamics of China” and the company has received strong VC backing from Matrix Partners, Chengwei Capital, and Qiming Venture. Prior to his entrepreneur experiences, Mr. HE worked at BEA as a R&D software engineer. In addition, Mr. HE is also a blogger with strong following in China and some of his articles have been published by major media such as Forbes China, 36Kr, Sina, etc.
Lambda idea was born at the end of year 2017 and the product development started from the beginning of 2018. Now let me talk about Lambda idea and what we do
Lambda, is the leading decentralized infrastructure project providing secure, reliable, and infinitely scalable decentralized storage network that enables data storage, data integrity check, security verification, and marketplace for storage-related services on the Lambda Chain Consensus Network.
In recent years, there have been frequent data leakage problems in major Internet platforms at home and abroad, and even business giants such as Facebook and Marriott have not been spared. Returning the value of data to data owners is an inevitable trend in line with human pursuit of freedom. The block-chain technology with P2P features provides an opportunity for this, and this area will be highly valued by the industry in the next few years. Lambda is the only provider of block-chain storage infrastructure projects in China. It is sometimes referred as “File-coin of China”or “File-coin 2.0”.our vision is to return the value of data to the data owner, with this vision in mind, our mission is to promote the decentralization of the Internet, with the goal of creating a storage infrastructure for the next generation of block-chain.
After the Lambda project launch in early 2018, it has received strong support by well-known strategic and financial investors including Bitmain, Viking Capital, FBG Capital, Bluehills, Zhen Fund, FunCity Capital, Ceyuan Digital Fund, BlockVC, INBlockChain, DATA Foundation, Bitcoin World, Reflextion Capital, etc. To date, Lambda has received investment funding in excess of $10M.

https://preview.redd.it/ynaos7rps2721.png?width=1267&format=png&auto=webp&s=77360b7cdf06c288e8c25675f94f5fb9d3d02137
n all the existing decentralized storage projects that are aiming to give a solution to this problem worldwide, Lambda is the first ever to announce its LPDP ( Lambda Provable Data Possession )
George Cao: I see we share several investors in common, So 2019 q1-q2 will be a big milestone for lambda
Lambda: Provable Data Possession (PDP) and Proofs of Retrievability (POR) are critical to efficient decentralized data storage and its implementation, which is the essential difference between centralized network projects and real decentralized storage. Prior to Inter-planetary
File System (IPFS), Lambda launched its minimum viable product (MVP) of core functions in the third quarter of 2018, and has been continuously upgrading and optimizing this in block-chains in a multi-role environment.
File-coin is our main competitor, here is a chart shows the progress comparison FYI

https://preview.redd.it/ewmyh9tqs2721.png?width=1267&format=png&auto=webp&s=cddc52a6d613196f6c0cbf870da42a5b82a8aaa6
For those who have interest to know more about Lambda's technical innovations, they can be find in our keep updating FAQ document posted on Medium, and I copied her FYI
1.Innovatively designed the Validator role which provides verification service for storage proof and the Validator replaces storage miner as the full-time storage proof result verifier, this greatly improves the performance of the storage and retrieval system.
2.In response to the limitations of the PDP algorithm, Lambda innovatively created a consensus network on the block-chain and used the validators role to replace the "TPA" in the PDP algorithm.
3.Innovatively modified the PDP algorithm from synchronous to asynchronous communication, which greatly reduces the communication traffic for Challenge in the system. Use of chain data as a random seed for storage miners to issue Challenge themselves addresses the randomness of TPA challenges.
4.Innovatively upgraded the PDP algorithm from periodic verification to a verification set generated by the miners to submit the verification result at one time, and fully realize the Proof-Of-Space-Time verification.
on top of all the technical, Lambda creates a consensus network where data can be stored, storage space can be rented on the basis of a marketplace built on block-chain.
In the Marketplace, the transaction process is: storage miners pledge hard disk sectors to the consensus network, and place orders and sell their own storage space in the Marketplace; storage users initiate purchase requests, complete the matching of storage requests through the Marketplace, and store data in the space of the storage miners.
Different from other block-chain applications, Lambda is a storage mining project, we have miners mine on Lambda network. Earn LAMB tokens by contributing on the network, and users who have data storing requirements pay Lamb tokens to purchase services accordingly.
The price of Lamb token not only rely on the exchanges but also supported by our miners who are doing works on the network.
There are four roles in the Lambda mining network: storage miners (providers of storage space), verification miners (ensuring the integrity and security of data and packaging transactions), retrieval miners (providing download bandwidth), and users (storage buyers). 1024 verification miners promoted from storage miners constitute the Lambda-chain consensus network. So you will see three types of miners serve our users from all over the world.
The key milestones we are looking at is the launch of test-net, where miners can start mining and earn testing Lamb tokens, the date will be around end of Jan. 2019 and main network will go live in Q2, 2019, most likely in Apr.
Regarding our partnership, In the academic field, we have established a strategic partnership with Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), which is well known in China for its engineering and computer science research programs, to conduct research into centralized storage.
In the commercial field, Lambda has established a strategic collaboration with IOST, a well-known public blockchain project, and Perlin, a super computing platform, and started to conduct pilot projects for decentralized application (DAPP) companies such as DATA and BCV. Lambda also has close ties to many leading Internet data centers (IDCs) in China. They join the Lambda network as miners and take advantage of their surplus server capacity to engage in the Lambda network ecology.
Q: Will the rest of the code be open sourced? If so when ?
Lambda: we have released the codes of core function module, the test net codes will be released gradually in Jan. pls stay tuned with our official github
Q: What can Lamb tokens be used for?
Lambda: Lambs are tokens in the Lambda ecosystem, which are mainly used in the following scenarios:
A. Users of services in the Lambda ecosystem have to pay with Lambda tokens.
B. Providers of storage services in the system have to pledge a certain number of tokens.
C. Verification nodes in the system have to pledge a certain number of tokens.
D. Verification nodes can obtain a certain number of tokens as accounting rewards.
E. Storage nodes get a certain number of tokens based on their storage capacity and their service level agreements (SLAs).
F. Other roles in the Lambda ecosystem can also obtain a certain number of tokens based on their contributions.
Q: What more incentives does miner gets to mine or rent storage on Lambda?
Lambda: every miner stars from storage miner on Lambda network, they get paid by providing storage space, when their business getting bigger, system will select the top 1024 storage miners and promote them to validator, who will get block generation rewards from system.
Q: how are the 1024 miners selected? Doesn't this become more centralised?
Lambda: we did a survey to the Chinese miners, they mainly fall into two groups, either are waiting FileCoin to go live with purchased mining machine idle at home or they are doing hard drive or graphic cards mining, which has a high requirement to the hardware standard. To mine on Lambda, you need a mining machine ( computer ) that has big storage space ( because the bigger the higher probability you'll be promoted to be a validator ) and the connection to the internet
Q: How much is initial supply?
Lambda: Lambda did two rounds of fund raising, private investors have a lock up terms of 2+4+4 meaning the first 20% of tokens will only be released 2 months listing on exchange. so on the day one listing till 2 months there will be only around 0.5% initial circulation, and after 2 months, 5% in total. in addition to that, as we are recruiting miners to join our network, actually ppl have been in a situation where they can't wait to mine on our testnet. with the mining mechanism we have, miners need to buy Lamb token to get their mining work started, because a certain amount of pledge need to be made
Q: What partnership will lambda and bitmax have in the future?
Lambda: We value the way BitMax doing things and care about projects, we feel like we found the right exchange to be listed, in particular an initial listing. we will work with BitMax and do some joint campaigns to boost the community
George: We have great chemistry with lambda team.
Q: And are you still primary list in there, I heard the list was delay? Is it related to Huobi?
Lambda: you are right, it is related to Huobi, but one thing you can be assured of is that our initial listing on BitMax wont change, but most likely a joint listing with Huobi.
Q: what about the time of primary list?
Lambda: we will primarily list very soon, we are targeting end of this week, now we are in the middle of some technical integration with Huobi
George: We can assure everyone that our team will do our best to protect our investors and serve our listing projects. The promise does not change whether or not if we co-list with huobi.
Q: We get reward to mine ? Any incentive? For testnet
Lambda: Yes, you have two ways obtain Lamb tokens, buy from exchange and earn more from mining, but firstly you have to buy Lamb on BitMax haha. Are you asking the reward from testnet by mining on it? yes, you will get test Lamb token, and they can be redeemed to Lamb token with a ratio that will be specified shortly. on Lambda official website www.lambda.im, we have whitepaper, besides that we also have economic whitepaper to explain how the lambda economic system runs, on Dec. 28 we will launch our yellow paper where we will demonstrate the detailed technical realization and all the parameter setting for mining on Lambda
Q: What are the implications if a miners rig goes offline or they decide to stop?
Lambda: If miners rig goes off, they will not get the reward from the corresponding generated block, if they do cheating there will be punishment from the system, and if they decide to quit, the pledge will be returned
Q: Lambda planning to have own FS?
Lambda: Yes, FS and consensus network is separate. validators and marketplace are on the consensus network, while Files are in the File System.
Q: Is Lambda GDPR friendly?
Lambda: yes, we are
Q: Hi can u explain what’s the requirements of decentralized data . Do You think big companies will like to use lambda services .... or it’s for medium level enterprises as big companies will go for their in house system with their reliable nodes ...
Lambda: this is a good question, from I seeing it, ppl call out the protection of privacy, it is a trend and it takes steps. Lambda has two big groups of prospects users, one is DAPPs, another is the general industries such as big data, AI, IoT, Games, Financial, etc, as long as they need massive data storage demand, Lambda has the opportunity, data storage is expensive, especially when we are talking about big data, a lot of companies will value the cost in this area very much. currently we have lighthouse customer like DATA, BCV, VVshare, in the very near future, a game that is developed by Lambda team will also go live on Lambda network. from the BD perspective, Lambda will create a satellite network ( you can take it as channel network ) to bring us customers, we have a few reaching out to us already
Q: Why suddenly launched on Huobi
George Cao: I believe lambda team has its own consideration. Projects esp in bear market are facing pressures from different parties. Investors users exchanges. Not everything is under projects control. What we can do as an exchange is to stand by our partners and fully support them down the road
Lambda: thx for the answer
Q: I think you have made a great choice working with bitmax. Bitmax have really helped push new
coins and their site in general with good PR, marketing and reward/airdrop promotions
Lambda: strongly agree with you
Q: GDPR has taken over the EU and the UK so that is very important
Lambda: you are right, so we see to be GDPR friendly, which is one of our differentiator from FileCoin
Q: Being GDPR friendly , European market is a go for lambda
Lambda: I have this plan to develop European market by having a Raspberry program, it is still in planning.
George Cao: Let’s take a last question and move to lambda community:) And as usual we will pick 3 best questions. We will send out 1000 800 and 500 btmx. @lambda do you want to pick 3 questions ?
Q: Recent partnerships are interesting , can you tell us about coming q1 2019 both in terms of technical and marketing developments ?
Lambda: from Marketing side, we are focusing on Chinese miners community and potential European market ( like I said still in construction ) Korean market is another, and US market to go along our compliance path, Lambda has been strictly abide by the regulations. from technical side, the most important task we are targeting is the main network launch as planned
George Cao: Thanks everyone for your time. It’s a great ama as usual. We do have the best community. We will pick 3 winners and we will announce here after we finish ama in lambda community
Lambda: thank you all for your time to participate the AMA, I had a great time with you, see you friends and have a nice day.
George Cao: Hello everyone, Merry Christmas:)
Lambda: Hello Lambdos. Today we have George, the founder of BitMax to join us for the AMA. Let's give him a warm welcome to do a introduction of BitMax
George Cao: I am George Cao, founder of bitmax. I am happy to take the opportunity to talk to everyone here. Thanks to the lambda team. Let me start with a brief introduction about us.
Bitmax.io (btmx.io) is an exchange founded by a group of Wall Street veterans. Unlike most projects, we are kinda of old :) core team are in their 30ish - 50ish. The 10 founding member have combined of 150 years of Wall st experience. I have 10+ yrs of high frequency trading experience therefore I know the trading system well. That’s why our match engine can handle 400k tps per second vs huobi 1000 tps. We want to build an exchange that is transparent, robust, and efficient. While our system is the best in class, we offer the lowest trading fees. We believe the current high commission will not sustain and we will see consolidating of the exchanges with better depth and liquidity and lower commission. We are happy to partner with lambda, one of the best projects in 2018. We are committed to serve the project and the community. Alright, I am ready to take questions. Anything you can ask, as tough as you want :)
Q: Haha nice platform.
George Cao: Thanks. We are young as a platform but we are working to deliver the best
Q: I see reverse mining is new , I used many other mining exchange but all have normal mining . How does reverse mining works?
George Cao: Reverse mining is an innovative approach that helps the exchange and the project in several ways. 1) the concept of reverse mining is by providing liquidity to the exchange, you get a rebate and deduct out tokens from your account of the same valued. You can think of a otc sell our. 2) the benefit is it removes lots of sell pressure from the secondary market. And provides a strong support for the token price. 3) it introduces lots of liquidity to the exchange and benefits all traders
Q: The BTMX used in reverse mining are locked forever?
George Cao: Yes so the total number of tokens are always reducing your
Q: I've really been enjoying using the bitmax exchange so far especially with the low fees and data usage rewards. Does the exchange plan to bring in a shorting function in the near future?
George Cao: Yes we will have margin and futures trading
Q: It was supposed to December right ?
George Cao: We postponed our margin to Jan. The reason is we want to be more careful on protecting margin call protections.
Q: Margin trading and futures is important for BTMX price to drive up
George Cao: Totally agree
Q: Does BitMax have any activities on New Year's Day?
George: We do have multiple promotional events. Including but not limited to airdrops. Please visit our website and stay tuned
Q: I saw the whitepaper of bitmax, can you talk more about your dividends the formula is really hard for me ?
George Cao: Sure 80% of our commission goes to our fee pool. 1/180 of the total pool will be distributed daily. As long as you are a token holder, the current rate we pay is over 100% annually
Q: Oh I see, so the dividends will be smooth, great idea.
George Cao: Yes unlike other mining exchanges have huge volatility on div we smooth our curve
Q: I've also heard there is a mobile app in the works, is this likely to be released in the near future?
George Cao: Almost done. Beta version is in testing
Q: What about the north American, will it be available in the future?
George Cao: We more cleared our legal path for fiat trading in us. Q1 2019 we will launch in the us
Q: Great news I think this will bring a big volume.
George Cao: Yes agree. Our team is excited as well
Q: With promotional Airdrops that require a certain amount of the BTMX token to be held such as The lamb one that has taken place on the exchange this week. Are tokens that are locked for data usage or in cards taken into account when balance screenshots are taken?
George Cao: Yes we will take that into account
Q: When will be the private sale tokens be released ?
George Cao: As soon as we mined 90m we will start to release
Q: So let me get this right .. you give us FREE BTC and ltc and even Lambda EVERYDAY if we hold BTMX and agree to share our data
George Cao: Free usdt btc eth
Q: Wow. In a bear market, Free btc is the best thing ever
George Cao: We share revenue with our users, 90% is usdt. Not sure if you like it:)
Q: also consider adding coins like ADA and few from top 30. People need more coins
George Cao: We are adding stellar and zcash soon
Q: I heard they are insured Unless we give password to someone hehe
George Cao: Yes we are using custodian service
Q: George are our funds SAFU with you? Exchange insurance? I would say it is With the industry giants backing this exchange
George Cao: Sequoia matrix bitmain fbg dhvc are our equity investors
Q: What’s to stop People dumping BTMX token after free btc Or stop capital investor dumping on retailer
George Cao: They get it every day. Why would they dump? All equity investors can not sell on secondary market. They can only to reverse mining
Q: Will margin allow reverse mining instead of normal mining?
George Cao: Not initially
Q: People do irrational things when btc moves Or whales dumping, I heard there was a lock up token or something. To stop this
George Cao: We required lock our tokens to get rewards. You can request to unlock at anytime but it takes 24 hours to process
Q: Binance is developing DEX any plans for BitMax ?
George Cao: Not anytime soon we have a looong to do:)
Q: It's good you have dex in mind , with improved scalability in future maybe bitmax can build good dex
George Cao: Agree
Q: Retail investors are important , George knows it haha
George Cao: We care most of retails
Q: It would help if they also burned or locked tokens up
George Cao: Yes we permanently locked
Q: Seems you have everything thought of.. but how about moving to Malta?
George Cao: We priority US. Once us is clear pretty much everywhere is clear
Q: Doesn’t any exchange cover US right now?
George Cao: Coinbase but they have 0 international coverage and 0 client service
Q: What sort of systems are in place for abnormal/suspicious activity on the exchange?
George Cao: We prohibit self trading. For unusual trading behavior we ban the account and as for explain in the first violation. For continued violations we permanently ban the account
Q: can we get a glimpse of mobile application ?
George Cao: There is a beta version you can use but we are keep improving
Q: What are the precautions taken to prevent wash trading ?
George Cao: We have pre trade and post trade checksums. E.g we don’t just scan one account. We check or related account
Q: Will market orders and stop-loss orders be available in the future?
George Cao: Yes we are working on it
Q: what do you think of lambda project and community
George Cao: Lambda is definitely one of the best projects this year. We have been working with lambda for months and have lots of respect ion for the team. Community is also great very well organized. I didn’t talk much but I joined lambda tele group for a while. Great interaction
Q: So the trading starts at 8 pm ETC?
George Cao: It’s postponed. Please stay tuned for announcements
Lambda: We will make announcement giving out time and new date.
Q: when please? It's also more professional to be able to give dates and respect them
Lambda Cao: we are working hard and aiming the date of Dec. 29, pls stay tuned, thank you
George: Unfortunately bitmax and lambda don’t have 100% control of the date and time. Huobi is holding the ball
Lambda: The listing dates have been postponed and we don't want to give out a random date. I request you to have patience and wait for official announcement
Lambda: we will try everything to protect retails interest
Q: Can’t let houbi just arrive late to the party?
Lambda: in the long run we may need Huobi to help us better protect us all
George Cao: We trust lambda team can make the best decision for all investors
Q: Have you been busy with listing recently? Anything else?
George Cao: We have been working 24 hours a day including Chris eve :) Listing and app and margin and lots of new improvements
Q: Why would we need huobi with bitmax on our side.
George Cao: Trust me we are as upset. However as an exchange our mission is to serve projects and investors. Please join us in fully supporting any decision lambda team made. We have 100% confidence in lambda
Q: Are you familiar with the REKTbot and SYSTEM OVERLOAD problems at bitmex
George Cao: Yes but still bitmex is the best place to trade future compare with okex
Q: Slap that Hayes fool when bitmax start margin and futures..
George Cao: Haha i don’t want to declare war with them. Let’s be a bit patient :)
Q: Could bitmax handle That volume and not system overload
George Cao: We are 100% confident
George Cao: Alright i have to run for another meeting. It’s been a great ama. Thanks everyone. For any trading related questions please contact our client support. We promise to get in touch in 5 mins 7/24. Thank you all!
Lambda: thank you for participation, have a nice day!
submitted by BitMax_Support to BitMax [link] [comments]

Decred Journal – August 2018

Note: you can read this on GitHub (link), Medium (link) or old Reddit (link) to see all the links.

Development

dcrd: Version 1.3.0 RC1 (Release Candidate 1) is out! The main features of this release are significant performance improvements, including some that benefit SPV clients. Full release notes and downloads are on GitHub.
The default minimum transaction fee rate was reduced from 0.001 to 0.0001 DCkB. Do not try to send such small fee transactions just yet, until the majority of the network upgrades.
Release process was changed to use release branches and bump version on the master branch at the beginning of a release cycle. Discussed in this chat.
The codebase is ready for the new Go 1.11 version. Migration to vgo module system is complete and the 1.4.0 release will be built using modules. The list of versioned modules and a hierarchy diagram are available here.
The testnet was reset and bumped to version 3.
Comments are welcome for the proposal to implement smart fee estimation, which is important for Lightning Network.
@matheusd recorded a code review video for new Decred developers that explains how tickets are selected for voting.
dcrwallet: Version 1.3.0 RC1 features new SPV sync mode, new ticket buyer, new APIs for Decrediton and a host of bug fixes. On the dev side, dcrwallet also migrated to the new module system.
Decrediton: Version 1.3.0 RC1 adds the new SPV sync mode that syncs roughly 5x faster. The feature is off by default while it receives more testing from experienced users. Other notable changes include a design polish and experimental Politeia integration.
Politeia: Proposal editing is being developed and has a short demo. This will allow proposal owners to edit their proposal in response to community feedback before voting begins. The challenges associated with this feature relate to updating censorship tokens and maintaining a clear history of which version comments were made on. @fernandoabolafio produced this architecture diagram which may be of interest to developers.
@degeri joined to perform security testing of Politeia and found several issues.
dcrdata: mainnet explorer upgraded to v2.1 with several new features. For users: credit/debit tx filter on address page, showing miner fees on coinbase transaction page, estimate yearly ticket rewards on main page, cool new hamburger menu and keyboard navigation. For developers: new chain parameters page, experimental Insight API support, endpoints for coin supply and block rewards, testnet3 support. Lots of minor API changes and frontend tweaks, many bug fixes and robustness improvements.
The upcoming v3.0 entered beta and is deployed on beta.dcrdata.org. Check out the new charts page. Feedback and bug reports are appreciated. Finally, the development version v3.1.0-pre is on alpha.dcrdata.org.
Android: updated to be compatible with the latest SPV code and is syncing, several performance issues are worked on. Details were posted in chat. Alpha testing has started, to participate please join #dev and ask for the APK.
iOS: backend is mostly complete, as well as the front end. Support for devices with smaller screens was improved. What works now: creating and recovering wallets, listing of transactions, receiving DCR, displaying and scanning QR codes, browsing account information, SPV connection to peers, downloading headers. Some bugs need fixing before making testable builds.
Ticket splitting: v0.6.0 beta released with improved fee calculation and multiple bug fixes.
docs: introduced new Governance section that grouped some old articles as well as the new Politeia page.
@Richard-Red created a concept repository sandbox with policy documents, to illustrate the kind of policies that could be approved and amended by Politeia proposals.
decred.org: 8 contributors added and 4 removed, including 2 advisors (discussion here).
decredmarketcap.com is a brand new website that shows the most accurate DCR market data. Clean design, mobile friendly, no javascript required.
Dev activity stats for August: 239 active PRs, 219 commits, 25k added and 11k deleted lines spread across 8 repositories. Contributions came from 2-10 developers per repository. (chart)

Network

Hashrate: went from 54 to 76 PH/s, the low was 50 and the new all-time high is 100 PH/s. BeePool share rose to ~50% while F2Pool shrank to 30%, followed by coinmine.pl at 5% and Luxor at 3%.
Staking: 30-day average ticket price is 95.6 DCR (+3.0) as of Sep 3. During the month, ticket price fluctuated between a low of 92.2 and high of 100.5 DCR. Locked DCR represented between 3.8 and 3.9 million or 46.3-46.9% of the supply.
Nodes: there are 217 public listening and 281 normal nodes per dcred.eu. Version distribution: 2% at v1.4.0(pre) (dev builds), 5% on v1.3.0 (RC1), 62% on v1.2.0 (-5%), 22% on v1.1.2 (-2%), 6% on v1.1.0 (-1%). Almost 69% of nodes are v.1.2.0 and higher and support client filters. Data snapshot of Aug 31.

ASICs

Obelisk posted 3 email updates in August. DCR1 units are reportedly shipping with 1 TH/s hashrate and will be upgraded with firmware to 1.5 TH/s. Batch 1 customers will receive compensation for missed shipment dates, but only after Batch 5 ships. Batch 2-5 customers will be receiving the updated slim design.
Innosilicon announced the new D9+ DecredMaster: 2.8 TH/s at 1,230 W priced $1,499. Specified shipping date was Aug 10-15.
FFMiner DS19 claims 3.1 TH/s for Blake256R14 at 680 W and simultaneously 1.55 TH/s for Blake2B at 410 W, the price is $1,299. Shipping Aug 20-25.
Another newly noticed miner offer is this unit that does 46 TH/s at 2,150 W at the price of $4,720. It is shipping Nov 2018 and the stats look very close to Pangolin Whatsminer DCR (which has now a page on asicminervalue).

Integrations

www.d1pool.com joined the list of stakepools for a total of 16.
Australian CoinTree added DCR trading. The platform supports fiat, there are some limitations during the upgrade to a new system but also no fees in the "Early access mode". On a related note, CoinTree is working on a feature to pay household bills with cryptocurrencies it supports.
Three new OTC desks were added to exchanges page at decred.org.
Two mobile wallets integrated Decred:
Reminder: do your best to understand the security and privacy model before using any wallet software. Points to consider: who controls the seed, does the wallet talk to the nodes directly or via middlemen, is it open source or not?

Adoption

Merchants:

Marketing

Targeted advertising report for August was posted by @timhebel. Facebook appeal is pending, some Google and Twitter campaigns were paused and some updated. Read more here.
Contribution to the @decredproject Twitter account has evolved over the past few months. A #twitter_ops channel is being used on Matrix to collaboratively draft and execute project account tweets (including retweets). Anyone with an interest in contributing to the Twitter account can ask for an invitation to the channel and can start contributing content and ideas there for evaluation by the Twitter group. As a result, no minority or unilateral veto over tweets is possible. (from GitHub)

Events

Attended:
For those willing to help with the events:
BAB: Hey all, we are gearing up for conference season. I have a list of places we hope to attend but need to know who besides @joshuam and @Haon are willing to do public speaking, willing to work booths, or help out at them? You will need to be well versed on not just what is Decred, but the history of Decred etc... DM me if you are interested. (#event_planning)
The Decred project is looking for ambassadors. If you are looking for a fun cryptocurrency to get involved in send me a DM or come talk to me on Decred slack. (@marco_peereboom, longer version here)

Media

Decred Assembly episode 21 is available. @jy-p and lead dcrwallet developer @jrick discussed SPV from Satoshi's whitepaper, how it can be improved upon and what's coming in Decred.
Decred Assembly episodes 1-21 are available in audio only format here.
New instructional articles on stakey.club: Decrediton setup, Deleting the wallet, Installing Go, Installing dcrd, dcrd as a Linux service. Available in both English and Portuguese.
Decred scored #32 in the August issue of Chinese CCID ratings. The evaluation model was explained in this interview.
Satis Group rated Decred highly in their cryptoasset valuation research report (PDF). This was featured by several large media outlets, but some did not link to or omitted Decred entirely, citing low market cap.
Featured articles:
Articles:
Videos:

Community Discussions

Community stats:
Comm systems news:
After another debate about chat systems more people began testing and using Matrix, leading to some gardening on that platform:
Highlights:
Reddit: substantive discussion about Decred cons; ecosystem fund; a thread about voter engagement, Politeia UX and trolling; idea of a social media system for Decred by @michae2xl; how profitable is the Obelisk DCR1.
Chats: cross-chain trading via LN; plans for contractor management system, lower-level decision making and contractor privacy vs transparency for stakeholders; measuring dev activity; what if the network stalls, multiple implementations of Decred for more resilience, long term vision behind those extensive tests and accurate comments in the codebase; ideas for process for policy documents, hosting them in Pi and approving with ticket voting; about SPV wallet disk size, how compact filters work; odds of a wallet fetching a wrong block in SPV; new module system in Go; security of allowing Android app backups; why PoW algo change proposal must be specified in great detail; thoughts about NIPoPoWs and SPV; prerequisites for shipping SPV by default (continued); Decred vs Dash treasury and marketing expenses, spending other people's money; why Decred should not invade a country, DAO and nation states, entangling with nation state is poor resource allocation; how winning tickets are determined and attack vectors; Politeia proposal moderation, contractor clearance, the scale of proposals and decision delegation, initial Politeia vote to approve Politeia itself; chat systems, Matrix/Slack/Discord/RocketChat/Keybase (continued); overview of Korean exchanges; no breaking changes in vgo; why project fund burn rate must keep low; asymptotic behavior of Decred and other ccs, tail emission; count of full nodes and incentives to run them; Politeia proposal translations and multilingual environment.
An unusual event was the chat about double negatives and other oddities in languages in #trading.

Markets

DCR started the month at USD 56 / BTC 0.0073 and had a two week decline. On Aug 14 the whole market took a huge drop and briefly went below USD 200 billion. Bitcoin went below USD 6,000 and top 100 cryptos lost 5-30%. The lowest point coincided with Bitcoin dominance peak at 54.5%. On that day Decred dived -17% and reached the bottom of USD 32 / BTC 0.00537. Since then it went sideways in the USD 35-45 / BTC 0.0054-0.0064 range. Around Aug 24, Huobi showed DCR trading volume above USD 5M and this coincided with a minor recovery.
@ImacallyouJawdy posted some creative analysis based on ticket data.

Relevant External

StopAndDecrypt published an extensive article "ASIC Resistance is Nothing but a Blockchain Buzzword" that is much in line with Decred's stance on ASICs.
The ongoing debates about the possible Sia fork yet again demonstrate the importance of a robust dispute resolution mechanism. Also, we are lucky to have the treasury.
Mark B Lundeberg, who found a vulnerability in atomicswap earlier, published a concept of more private peer-to-peer atomic swaps. (missed in July issue)
Medium took a cautious stance on cryptocurrencies and triggered at least one project to migrate to Ghost (that same project previously migrated away from Slack).
Regulation: Vietnam bans mining equipment imports, China halts crypto events and tightens control of crypto chat groups.
Reddit was hacked by intercepting 2FA codes sent via SMS. The announcement explains the impact. Yet another data breach suggests to think twice before sharing any data with any company and shift to more secure authentication systems.
Intel and x86 dumpsterfire keeps burning brighter. Seek more secure hardware and operating systems for your coins.
Finally, unrelated to Decred but good for a laugh: yetanotherico.com.

About This Issue

This is the 5th issue of Decred Journal. It is mirrored on GitHub, Medium and Reddit. Past issues are available here.
Most information from third parties is relayed directly from source after a minimal sanity check. The authors of Decred Journal have no ability to verify all claims. Please beware of scams and do your own research.
Feedback is appreciated: please comment on Reddit, GitHub or #writers_room on Matrix or Slack.
Contributions are welcome too. Some areas are collecting content, pre-release review or translations to other languages. Check out @Richard-Red's guide how to contribute to Decred using GitHub without writing code.
Credits (Slack names, alphabetical order): bee, Haon, jazzah, Richard-Red and thedecreddigest.
submitted by jet_user to decred [link] [comments]

Decred Journal — June 2018

Note: You can read this on GitHub, Medium or old Reddit to see the 207 links.

Development

The biggest announcement of the month was the new kind of decentralized exchange proposed by @jy-p of Company 0. The Community Discussions section considers the stakeholders' response.
dcrd: Peer management and connectivity improvements. Some work for improved sighash algo. A new optimization that gives 3-4x faster serving of headers, which is great for SPV. This was another step towards multipeer parallel downloads – check this issue for a clear overview of progress and planned work for next months (and some engineering delight). As usual, codebase cleanup, improvements to error handling, test infrastructure and test coverage.
Decrediton: work towards watching only wallets, lots of bugfixes and visual design improvements. Preliminary work to integrate SPV has begun.
Politeia is live on testnet! Useful links: announcement, introduction, command line voting example, example proposal with some votes, mini-guide how to compose a proposal.
Trezor: Decred appeared in the firmware update and on Trezor website, currently for testnet only. Next steps are mainnet support and integration in wallets. For the progress of Decrediton support you can track this meta issue.
dcrdata: Continued work on Insight API support, see this meta issue for progress overview. It is important for integrations due to its popularity. Ongoing work to add charts. A big database change to improve sorting on the Address page was merged and bumped version to 3.0. Work to visualize agenda voting continues.
Ticket splitting: 11-way ticket split from last month has voted (transaction).
Ethereum support in atomicswap is progressing and welcomes more eyeballs.
decred.org: revamped Press page with dozens of added articles, and a shiny new Roadmap page.
decredinfo.com: a new Decred dashboard by lte13. Reddit announcement here.
Dev activity stats for June: 245 active PRs, 184 master commits, 25,973 added and 13,575 deleted lines spread across 8 repositories. Contributions came from 2 to 10 developers per repository. (chart)

Network

Hashrate: growth continues, the month started at 15 and ended at 44 PH/s with some wild 30% swings on the way. The peak was 53.9 PH/s.
F2Pool was the leader varying between 36% and 59% hashrate, followed by coinmine.pl holding between 18% and 29%. In response to concerns about its hashrate share, F2Pool made a statement that they will consider measures like rising the fees to prevent growing to 51%.
Staking: 30-day average ticket price is 94.7 DCR (+3.4). The price was steadily rising from 90.7 to 95.8 peaking at 98.1. Locked DCR grew from 3.68 to 3.81 million DCR, the highest value was 3.83 million corresponding to 47.87% of supply (+0.7% from previous peak).
Nodes: there are 240 public listening and 115 normal nodes per dcred.eu. Version distribution: 57% on v1.2.0 (+12%), 25% on v1.1.2 (-13%), 14% on v1.1.0 (-1%). Note: the reported count of non-listening nodes has dropped significantly due to data reset at decred.eu. It will take some time before the crawler collects more data. On top of that, there is no way to exactly count non-listening nodes. To illustrate, an alternative data source, charts.dcr.farm showed 690 reachable nodes on Jul 1.
Extraordinary event: 247361 and 247362 were two nearly full blocks. Normally blocks are 10-20 KiB, but these blocks were 374 KiB (max is 384 KiB).

ASICs

Update from Obelisk: shipping is expected in first half of July and there is non-zero chance to meet hashrate target.
Another Chinese ASIC spotted on the web: Flying Fish D18 with 340 GH/s at 180 W costing 2,200 CNY (~340 USD). (asicok.comtranslated, also on asicminervalue)
dcrASIC team posted a farewell letter. Despite having an awesome 16 nm chip design, they decided to stop the project citing the saturated mining ecosystem and low profitability for their potential customers.

Integrations

bepool.org is a new mining pool spotted on dcred.eu.
Exchange integrations:
Two OTC trading desks are now shown on decred.org exchanges page.
BitPro payment gateway added Decred and posted on Reddit. Notably, it is fully functional without javascript or cookies and does not ask for name or email, among other features.
Guarda Wallet integrated Decred. Currently only in their web wallet, but more may come in future. Notable feature is "DCR purchase with a bank card". See more details in their post or ask their representative on Reddit. Important: do your best to understand the security model before using any wallet software.

Adoption

Merchants:
BlueYard Capital announced investment in Decred and the intent to be long term supporters and to actively participate in the network's governance. In an overview post they stressed core values of the project:
There are a few other remarkable characteristics that are a testament to the DNA of the team behind Decred: there was no sale of DCR to investors, no venture funding, and no payment to exchanges to be listed – underscoring that the Decred team and contributors are all about doing the right thing for long term (as manifested in their constitution for the project).
The most encouraging thing we can see is both the quality and quantity of high calibre developers flocking to the project, in addition to a vibrant community attaching their identity to the project.
The company will be hosting an event in Berlin, see Events below.
Arbitrade is now mining Decred.

Events

Attended:
Upcoming:

Media

stakey.club: a new website by @mm:
Hey guys! I'd like to share with you my latest adventure: Stakey Club, hosted at stakey.club, is a website dedicated to Decred. I posted a few articles in Brazilian Portuguese and in English. I also translated to Portuguese some posts from the Decred Blog. I hope you like it! (slack)
@morphymore translated Placeholder's Decred Investment Thesis and Richard Red's write-up on Politeia to Chinese, while @DZ translated Decred Roadmap 2018 to Italian and Russian, and A New Kind of DEX to Italian and Russian.
Second iteration of Chinese ratings released. Compared to the first issue, Decred dropped from 26 to 29 while Bitcoin fell from 13 to 17. We (the authors) restrain ourselves commenting on this one.
Videos:
Audio:
Featured articles:
Articles:

Community Discussions

Community stats: Twitter followers 40,209 (+1,091), Reddit subscribers 8,410 (+243), Slack users 5,830 (+172), GitHub 392 stars and 918 forks of dcrd repository.
An update on our communication systems:
Jake Yocom-Piatt did an AMA on CryptoTechnology, a forum for serious crypto tech discussion. Some topics covered were Decred attack cost and resistance, voting policies, smart contracts, SPV security, DAO and DPoS.
A new kind of DEX was the subject of an extensive discussion in #general, #random, #trading channels as well as Reddit. New channel #thedex was created and attracted more than 100 people.
A frequent and fair question is how the DEX would benefit Decred. @lukebp has put it well:
Projects like these help Decred attract talent. Typically, the people that are the best at what they do aren’t driven solely by money. They want to work on interesting projects that they believe in with other talented individuals. Launching a DEX that has no trading fees, no requirement to buy a 3rd party token (including Decred), and that cuts out all middlemen is a clear demonstration of the ethos that Decred was founded on. It helps us get our name out there and attract the type of people that believe in the same mission that we do. (slack)
Another concern that it will slow down other projects was addressed by @davecgh:
The intent is for an external team to take up the mantle and build it, so it won't have any bearing on the current c0 roadmap. The important thing to keep in mind is that the goal of Decred is to have a bunch of independent teams on working on different things. (slack)
A chat about Decred fork resistance started on Twitter and continued in #trading. Community members continue to discuss the finer points of Decred's hybrid system, bringing new users up to speed and answering their questions. The key takeaway from this chat is that the Decred chain is impossible to advance without votes, and to get around that the forker needs to change the protocol in a way that would make it clearly not Decred.
"Against community governance" article was discussed on Reddit and #governance.
"The Downside of Democracy (and What it Means for Blockchain Governance)" was another article arguing against on-chain governance, discussed here.
Reddit recap: mining rig shops discussion; how centralized is Politeia; controversial debate on photos of models that yielded useful discussion on our marketing approach; analysis of a drop in number of transactions; concerns regarding project bus factor, removing central authorities, advertising and full node count – received detailed responses; an argument by insette for maximizing aggregate tx fees; coordinating network upgrades; a new "Why Decred?" thread; a question about quantum resistance with a detailed answer and a recap of current status of quantum resistant algorithms.
Chats recap: Programmatic Proof-of-Work (ProgPoW) discussion; possible hashrate of Blake-256 miners is at least ~30% higher than SHA-256d; how Decred is not vulnerable to SPV leaf/node attack.

Markets

DCR opened the month at ~$93, reached monthly high of $110, gradually dropped to the low of $58 and closed at $67. In BTC terms it was 0.0125 -> 0.0150 -> 0.0098 -> 0.0105. The downturn coincided with a global decline across the whole crypto market.
In the middle of the month Decred was noticed to be #1 in onchainfx "% down from ATH" chart and on this chart by @CoinzTrader. Towards the end of the month it dropped to #3.

Relevant External

Obelisk announced Launchpad service. The idea is to work with coin developers to design a custom, ASIC-friendly PoW algorithm together with a first batch of ASICs and distribute them among the community.
Equihash-based ZenCash was hit by a double spend attack that led to a loss of $450,000 by the exchange which was targeted.
Almost one year after collecting funds, Tezos announced a surprise identification procedure to claim tokens (non-javascript version).
A hacker broke into Syscoin's GitHub account and implanted malware stealing passwords and private keys into Windows binaries. This is a painful reminder for everybody to verify binaries after download.
Circle announced new asset listing framework for Poloniex. Relevant to recent discussions of exchange listing bribery:
Please note: we will not accept any kind of payment to list an asset.
Bithumb got hacked with a $30 m loss.
Zcash organized Zcon0, an event in Canada that focused on privacy tech and governance. An interesting insight from Keynote Panel on governance: "There is no such thing as on-chain governance".
Microsoft acquired GitHub. There was some debate about whether it is a reason to look into alternative solutions like GitLab right now. It is always a good idea to have a local copy of Decred source code, just in case.
Status update from @sumiflow on correcting DCR supply on various sites:
To begin with, none of the below sites were showing the correct supply or market cap for Decred but we've made some progress. coingecko.com, coinlib.io, cryptocompare.com, livecoinwatch.com, worldcoinindex.com - corrected! cryptoindex.co, onchainfx.com - awaiting fix coinmarketcap.com - refused to fix because devs have coins too? (slack)

About This Issue

This is the third issue of Decred Journal after April and May.
Most information from third parties is relayed directly from source after a minimal sanity check. The authors of Decred Journal have no ability to verify all claims. Please beware of scams and do your own research.
The new public Matrix logs look promising and we hope to transition from Slack links to Matrix links. In the meantime, the way to read Slack links is explained in the previous issue.
As usual, any feedback is appreciated: please comment on Reddit, GitHub or #writers_room. Contributions are welcome too, anything from initial collection to final review to translations.
Credits (Slack names, alphabetical order): bee and Richard-Red. Special thanks to @Haon for bringing May 2018 issue to medium.
submitted by jet_user to decred [link] [comments]

Cryptocurrency and Blockchain – Industry News – (04.12.19 – 04.18.19)

Total Market Cap, as of 04.18.19 at 12:00pm (PST): U.S. $180,255,017,087 (+4.29%)

Missed last week’s update? Click here

STORY OF THE WEEK

Binance, Kraken and Shapeshift de-list’s Bitcoin Satoshi’s Vision (BCHSV) from their respective platforms as a result of discontent with the behavior of one of its founders – Craig Wright.

CRYPTOCURRENCY TRADING SERVICES

• Japanese cryptocurrency exchange Coincheck adds Ethereum (ETH) and Ripple (XRP) to its OTC trading desk.
KuCoin announces non-custodial services of private keys utilized on its platform. This is made possible in partnership with cryptocurrency custodial start-up Arwen.
eToro announces the release of its fully regulated cryptocurrency exchange – eToroX. New platform will offer 10 different stablecoins and 6 digital assets, totaling to 37 crypto-to-fiat pairs.
Gate.io raises U.S. $64,000,000 in an IEO (Initial Exchange Offering) for “Gate Points” – points that will be used towards trading fees on the platform.
Coinbase and Coinbase Pro launches crypto-to-crypto trading in Argentina, Mexico, Peru, Colombia, Chile, India, Hong Kong, South Korea, Indonesia, the Philippines and New Zealand.

REGULATION

• According to the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Lithuania, entities dealing in cryptocurrency to employ comprehensive KYC/AML protocols. In addition, they must register with its Centre of Registers in order to legally operate.
• The French Parliament adopts the “Pacte Bill” – establishing a legal framework for digital asset service providers and initial coin offerings (ICOs). The French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire suggests EU partners to setup a single regulatory framework inspired by the French one.
• Japan’s financial watchdog the Financial Services Agency (FSA) requires cryptocurrency exchanges to tighten security over cold wallets – digital asset storage devices that are not connected to the internet.

TECHNOLOGY

CoinMarketCap launches its first Android app and revamps its existing iOS offering, offering portfolio tracking, candlestick charting and price alerts. These features are not yet made available on its website offering.
Binance deploys the genesis block of its native blockchain – Binance Chain. A mainnet swap of the existing ERC-20 tokens (BNB) will occur on April 23rd, 2019 for the new native token to be utilized on the new blockchain.

INSTITUTIONALIZATION

FXCoin receives investment from Japanese conglomerate SBI Holdings for shares in its upcoming cryptocurrency exchange platform.
• Japanese internet giant Rakuten begins offering online registrations for its wallet service – Rakuten Wallet. The product will be accompanied with a full fledge cryptocurrency exchange to scheduled to go live in June.

PEOPLE

• Former director of Institutional sales at Coinbase, Christine Sandler joins Fidelity Digital Assets as Head of Sales and Marketing.

TWITTER

@cz_binance – “Craig Wright is not Satoshi. Anymore of this sh!t, we delist!”
@danheld – “The world has an unlimited supply of fiat to buy a limited supply of 21M Bitcoin.”
@ErikVoorhees – “By holding dollars you are ultimately trusting politicians. By holding Bitcoin you are ultimately trusting open source code. Trust in politicians tends to fall over time. Trust in open source code tends to rise over time. And so, with time, which system likely advances?”
submitted by Edmund_N to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]

Trading Cryptocurrency Markets

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Major Exchanges
In finance, an exchange is a forum or platform for trading commodities, derivatives, securities or other financial instruments. The principle concern of an exchange is to allow trading between parties to take place in a fair and legally compliant manner, as well as to ensure that pricing information for any instrument traded on the exchange is reliable and coherently delivered to exchange participants. In the cryptocurrency space exchanges are online platforms that allow users to trade cryptocurrencies or digital currencies for fiat money or other cryptocurrencies. They can be centralized exchanges such a Binance, or decentralized exchanges such as IDEX. Most cryptocurrency exchanges allow users to trade different crypto assets with BTC or ETH after having already exchanged fiat currency for one of those cryptocurrencies. Coinbase and Kraken are the main avenue for fiat money to enter into the cryptocurrency ecosystem.
Function and History
Crypto exchanges can be market-makers that take bid/ask spreads as a commission on the transaction for facilitating the trade, or more often charge a small percentage fee for operating the forum in which the trade was made. Most crypto exchanges operate outside of Western countries, enabling them to avoid stringent financial regulations and the potential for costly and lengthy legal proceedings. These entities will often maintain bank accounts in multiple jurisdictions, allowing the exchange to accept fiat currency and process transactions from customers all over the globe.
The concept of a digital asset exchange has been around since the late 2000s and the following initial attempts at running digital asset exchanges foreshadows the trouble involved in attempting to disrupt the operation of the fiat currency baking system. The trading of digital or electronic assets predate Bitcoin’s creation by several years, with the first electronic trading entities running afoul of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) in late 2004. Companies such as Goldex, SydneyGoldSales, and Ozzigold, shut down voluntarily after ASIC found that they were operating without an Australian Financial Services License. E-Gold, which exchanged fiat USD for grams of precious metals in digital form, was possibly the first digital currency exchange as we know it, allowing users to make instant transfers to the accounts of other E-Gold members. At its peak in 2006 E-Gold processed $2 billion worth of transactions and boasted a user base of over 5 million people.
Popular Exchanges
Here we will give a brief overview of the features and operational history of the more popular and higher volume exchanges because these are the platforms to which newer traders will be exposed. These exchanges are recommended to use because they are the industry standard and they inspire the most confidence.
Bitfinex
Owned and operated by iFinex Inc, the cryptocurrency trading platform Bitfinex was the largest Bitcoin exchange on the planet until late 2017. Headquartered in Hong Kong and based in the US Virgin Island, Bitfinex was one of the first exchanges to offer leveraged trading (“Margin trading allows a trader to open a position with leverage. For example — we opened a margin position with 2X leverage. Our base assets had increased by 10%. Our position yielded 20% because of the 2X leverage. Standard trades are traded with leverage of 1:1”) and also pioneered the use of the somewhat controversial, so-called “stable coin” Tether (USDT).
Binance
Binance is an international multi-language cryptocurrency exchange that rose from the mid-rank of cryptocurrency exchanges to become the market dominating behemoth we see today. At the height of the late 2017/early 2018 bull run, Binance was adding around 2 million new users per week! The exchange had to temporarily disallow new registrations because its servers simply could not keep up with that volume of business. After the temporary ban on new users was lifted the exchange added 240,000 new accounts within two hours.
Have you ever thought whats the role of the cypto exchanges? The answer is simple! There are several different types of exchanges that cater to different needs within the ecosystem, but their functions can be described by one or more of the following: To allow users to convert fiat currency into cryptocurrency. To trade BTC or ETH for alt coins. To facilitate the setting of prices for all crypto assets through an auction market mechanism. Simply put, you can either mine cryptocurrencies or purchase them, and seeing as the mining process requires the purchase of expensive mining equipment, Cryptocurrency exchanges can be loosely grouped into one of the 3 following exchange types, each with a slightly different role or combination of roles.
Have you ever thought about what are the types of Crypto exchanges?
  1. Traditional Cryptocurrency Exchange: These are the type that most closely mimic traditional stock exchanges where buyers and sellers trade at the current market price of whichever asset they want, with the exchange acting as the intermediary and charging a small fee for facilitating the trade. Kraken and GDAX are examples of this kind of cryptocurrency exchange. Fully peer-to-peer exchanges that operate without a middleman include EtherDelta, and IDEX, which are also examples of decentralized exchanges.
  2. Cryptocurrency Brokers: These are website or app based exchanges that act like a Travelex or other bureau-de-change. They allow customers to buy or sell crypto assets at a price set by the broker (usually market price plus a small premium). Coinbase is an example of this kind of exchange.
  3. Direct Trading Platform: These platforms offer direct peer-to-peer trading between buyers and sellers, but don’t use an exchange platform in doing so. These types of exchanges do not use a set market rate; rather, sellers set their own rates. This is a highly risky form of trading, from which new users should shy away.
To understand how an exchange functions we need only look as far as a traditional stock exchange. Most all the features of a cryptocurrency exchange are analogous to features of trading on a traditional stock exchange. In the simplest terms, the exchanges fulfil their role as the main marketplace for crypto assets of all kinds by catering to buyers or sellers. These are some definitions for the basic functions and features to know: Market Orders: Orders that are executed instantly at the current market price. Limit Order: This is an order that will only be executed if and when the price has risen to or dropped to that price specified by the trader and is also within the specified period of time. Transaction fees: Exchanges will charge transactions fees, usually levied on both the buyer and the seller, but sometimes only the seller is charged a fee. Fees vary on different exchanges though the norm is usually below 0.75%. Transfer charges: The exchange is in effect acting as a sort of escrow agent, to ensure there is no foul play, so it might also charge a small fee when you want to withdraw cryptocurrency to your own wallet.
Regulatory Environment and Evolution
Cryptocurrency has come a long way since the closing down of the Silk Road darknet market. The idea of crypto currency being primarily for criminals, has largely been seen as totally inaccurate and outdated. In this section we focus on the developing regulations surrounding the cryptocurrency asset class by region, and we also look at what the future may hold.
The United States of America
A coherent uniform approach at Federal or State level has yet to be implemented in the United States. The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network published guidelines as early as 2013 suggesting that BTC and other cryptos may fall under the label of “money transmitters” and thus would be required to take part in the same Anti-money Laundering (AML) and Know your Client (KYC) procedures as other money service businesses. At the state level, Texas applies its existing finance laws. And New York has instituted an entirely new licensing system.
The European Union
The EU’s approach to cryptocurrency has generally been far more accommodating overall than the United States, partly due to the adaptable nature of pre-existing laws governing electronic money that predated the creation of Bitcoin. As with the USA, the EU’s main fear is money laundering and criminality. The European Central Bank (ECB) categorized BTC as a “convertible decentralized currency” and advised all central banks in the EU to refrain from trading any cryptocurrencies until the proper regulatory framework was put in place. A task force was then set up by the European Parliament in order to prevent and investigate any potential money laundering that was making use of the new technology.
Likely future regulations for cryptocurrency traders within the European Union and North America will probably consist of the following proposals: The initiation of full KYC procedures so that users cannot remain fully anonymous, in order to prevent tax evasion and curtail money laundering. Caps on payments that can be made in cryptocurrency, similar to caps on traditional cash transactions. A set of rules governing tax obligations regarding cryptocurrencies Regulation by the ECB of any companies that offer exchanges between cryptocurrencies and fiat currencies It is less likely for other countries to follow the Chinese approach and completely ban certain aspects of cryptocurrency trading. It is widely considered more progressive and wiser to allow the technology to grow within a balanced accommodative regulatory framework that takes all interests and factors into consideration. It is probable that the most severe form of regulation will be the formation of new governmental bodies specifically to form laws and exercise regulatory control over the cryptocurrency space. But perhaps that is easier said than done. It may, in certain cases, be incredibly difficult to implement particular regulations due to the anonymous and decentralized nature of crypto.
Behavior of Cryptocurrency Investors by Demographic
Due to the fact that cryptocurrency has its roots firmly planted in the cryptography community, the vast majority of early adopters are representative of that group. In this section we cover the basic structure of the cryptocurrency market cycle and the makeup of the community at large, as well as the reasons behind different trading decisions.
The Cryptocurrency Market Cycle
Bitcoin leads the bull rally. FOMO (Fear of missing out) occurs, the price surge is a constant topic of mainstream news, business programs cover the story, and social media is abuzz with cryptocurrency chatter. Bitcoin reaches new All Timehigh (ATH) Market euphoria is fueled with even more hype and the cycle is in full force. There is a constant stream of news articles and commentary on the meteoric, seemingly unstoppable rise of Bitcoin. Bitcoin’s price “stabilizes”, In the 2017 bull run this was at or around $14,000. A number of solid, large market cap altcoins rise along with Bitcoin; ETH & LTC leading the altcoins at this time. FOMO comes into play, as the new ATH in market cap is reached by pumping of a huge number of alt coins.
Top altcoins “somewhat” stabilize, after reaching new all-time highs. The frenzy continues with crypto success stories, notable figures and famous people in the news. A majority of lesser known cryptocurrencies follow along on the upward momentum. Newcomers are drawn deeper into crypto and sign up for exchanges other than the main entry points like Coinbase and Kraken. In 2017 this saw Binance inundated with new registrations. Some of the cheapest coins are subject to massive pumping, such as Tron TRX which saw a rise in market cap from $150 million at the start of December 2017 to a peak of $16 billion! At this stage, even dead coins or known scams will get pumped. The price of the majority of cryptocurrencies stabilize, and some begin to retract. When the hype is subsiding after a huge crypto bull run, it is a massive sell signal. Traditional investors will begin to give interviews about how people need to be careful putting money into such a highly volatile asset class. Massive violent correction begins and the market starts to collapse. BTC begins to fall consistently on a daily basis, wiping out the insane gains of many medium to small cap cryptos with it. Panic selling sweeps through the market. Depression sets in, both in the markets, and in the minds of individual investors who failed to take profits, or heed the signs of imminent collapse. The price stagnation can last for months, or even years.
The Influence of Age upon Trading
Did you know? Cryptocurrencies have been called “stocks for millennials” According to a survey conducted by the Global Blockchain Business Council, only 5% of the American public own any bitcoin, but of those that do, an overwhelming majority of 71% are men, 58% of them are between the ages of 18 and 35, and over half of them are minorities. The same survey gauged public attitude toward the high risk/high return nature of cryptocurrency, in comparison to more secure guaranteed small percentage gains offered by government bonds or stocks, and found that 30% would rather invest $1,000 in crypto. Over 42% of millennials were aware of cryptocurrencies as opposed to only 15% of those ages 65 and over. In George M. Korniotis and Alok Kumar’s study into the effects of aging on portfolio management and the quality of decisions made by older investors, they found “that older and experienced investors are more likely to follow “rules of thumb” that reflect greater investment knowledge. However, older investors are less effective in applying their investment knowledge and exhibit worse investment skill, especially if they are less educated and earn lower income.”
Geographic Influence upon Trading
One of the main drivers of the apparent seasonal ebb and flow of cryptocurrency prices is the tax situation in the various territories that have the highest concentrations of cryptocurrency holders. Every year we see an overall market pull back beginning in mid to late January, with a recovery beginning usually after April. This is because “Tax Season” is roughly the same across Europe and the United States, with the deadline for Income tax returns being April 15th in the United States, and the tax year officially ending the UK on the 6th of April. All capital gains must be declared before the window closes or an American trader will face the powerful and long arm of the IRS with the consequent legal proceedings and possible jail time. Capital gains taxes around the world vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction but there are often incentives for cryptocurrency holders to refrain from trading for over a year to qualify their profits as long term gain when they finally sell. In the US and Australia, for example, capital gains are reduced if you bought cryptocurrency for investment purposes and held it for over a year. In Germany if crypto assets are held for over a year then the gains derived from their sale are not taxed. Advantages like this apply to individual tax returns, on a case by case basis, and it is up to the investor to keep up to date with the tax codes of the territory in which they reside.
2013 Bull run vs 2017 Bull run price Analysis
In late 2016 cryptocurrency traders were faced with the task of distinguishing between the beginnings of a genuine bull run and what might colorfully be called a “dead cat bounce” (in traditional market terminology). Stagnation had gripped the market since the pull-back of early 2014. The meteoric rise of Bitcoin’s price in 2013 peaked with a price of $1,100 in November 2013, after a year of fantastic news on the adoption front with both Microsoft and PayPal offering BTC payment options. It is easy to look at a line going up on a chart and speak after the fact, but at the time, it is exceeding difficult to say whether the cat is actually climbing up the wall, or just bouncing off the ground. Here, we will discuss the factors that gave savvy investors clues as to why the 2017 bull run was going to outstrip the 2013 rally. Hopefully this will help give insight into how to differentiate between the signs of a small price increase and the start of a full scale bull run. Most importantly, Volume was far higher in 2017. As we can see in the graphic below, the 2017 volume far exceeds the volume of BTC trading during the 2013 price increase. The stranglehold MtGox held on trading made a huge bull run very difficult and unlikely.
Fraud & Immoral Activity in the Private Market
Ponzi Schemes Cryptocurrency Ponzi schemes will be covered in greater detail in Lesson 7, but we need to get a quick overview of the main features of Ponzi schemes and how to spot them at this point in our discussion. Here are some key indicators of a Ponzi scheme, both in cryptocurrencies and traditional investments: A guaranteed promise of high returns with little risk. Consistentflow of returns regardless of market conditions. Investments that have not been registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Investment strategies that are a secret, or described as too complex. Clients not allowed to view official paperwork for their investment. Clients have difficulties trying to get their money back. The initial members of the scheme, most likely unbeknownst to the later investors, are paid their “dividends” or “profits” with new investor cash. The most famous modern-day example of a Ponzi scheme in the traditional world, is Bernie Madoff’s $100 billion fraudulent enterprise, officially titled Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities LLC. And in the crypto world, BitConnect is the most infamous case of an entirely fraudulent project which boasted a market cap of $2 billion at its peak.
What are the Exchange Hacks?
The history of cryptocurrency is littered with examples of hacked exchanges, some of them so severe that the operation had to be wound up forever. As we have already discussed, incredibly tech savvy and intelligent computer hackers led by Alexander Vinnik stole 850000 BTC from the MtGox exchange over a period from 2012–2014 resulting in the collapse of the exchange and a near-crippling hammer blow to the emerging asset class that is still being felt to this day. The BitGrail exchange suffered a similar style of attack in late 2017 and early 2018, in which Nano (XRB) was stolen that was at one point was worth almost $195 million. Even Bitfinex, one of the most famous and prestigious exchanges, has suffered a hack in 2016 where $72 million worth of BTC was stolen directly from customer accounts.
Hardware Wallet Scam Case Study
In late 2017, an unfortunate character on Reddit, going by the name of “moody rocket” relayed his story of an intricate scam in which his newly acquired hardware wallet was compromised, and his $34,000 life savings were stolen. He bought a second hand Nano ledger into which the scammers own recover seed had already been inserted. He began using the ledger without knowing that the default seed being used was not a randomly assigned seed. After a few weeks the scammer struck, and withdrew all the poor HODLer’s XRP, Dash and Litecoin into their own wallet (likely through a few intermediary wallets to lessen the very slim chances of being identified).
Hardware Wallet Scam Case Study Social Media Fraud
Many gullible and hapless twitter users have fallen victim to the recent phenomenon of scammers using a combination of convincing fake celebrity twitter profiles and numerous amounts of bots to swindle them of ETH or BTC. The scammers would set up a profile with a near identical handle to a famous figure in the tech sphere, such as Vitalik Buterin or Elon Musk. And then in the tweet, immediately following a genuine message, follow up with a variation of “Bonus give away for the next 100 lucky people, send me 0.1 ETH and I will send you 1 ETH back”, followed by the scammers ether wallet address. The next 20 or so responses will be so-called sockpuppet bots, thanking the fake account for their generosity. Thus, the pot is baited and the scammers can expect to receive potentially hundreds of donations of 0.1 Ether into their wallet. Many twitter users with a large follower base such as Vitalik Buterin have taken to adding “Not giving away ETH” to their username to save careless users from being scammed.
Market Manipulation
It also must be recognized that market manipulation is taking place in cryptocurrency. For those with the financial means i.e. whales, there are many ways in which to control the market in a totally immoral and underhanded way for your own profit. It is especially easy to manipulate cryptos that have a very low trading volume. The manipulator places large buy orders or sell walls to discourage price action in one way or the other. Insider trading is also a significant problem in cryptocurrency, as we saw with the example of blatant insider trading when Bitcoin Cash was listed on Coinbase.
Examples of ICO Fraudulent Company Behavior
In the past 2 years an astronomical amount of money has been lost in fraudulent Initial Coin Offerings. The utmost care and attention must be employed before you invest. We will cover this area in greater detail with a whole lesson devoted to the topic. However, at this point, it is useful to look at the main instances of ICO fraud. Among recent instances of fraudulent ICOs resulting in exit scams, 2 of the most infamous are the Benebit and PlexCoin ICOs which raised $4 million for the former and $15 million for the latter. Perhaps the most brazen and damaging ICO scam of all time was the Vietnamese Pincoin ICO operation, where $660million was raised from 32,000 investors before the scammer disappeared with the funds. In case of smaller ICO “exit scamming” there is usually zero chance of the scammers being found. Investors must just take the hit. We will cover these as well as others in Lesson 7 “Scam Projects”.
Signposts of Fraudulent Actors
The following factors are considered red flags when investigating a certain project or ICO, and all of them should be considered when deciding whether or not you want to invest. Whitepaper is a buzzword Salad: If the whitepaper is nothing more than a collection of buzzwords with little clarity of purpose and not much discussion of the tech involved, it is overwhelmingly likely you are reading a scam whitepaper.
Signposts of Fraudulent Actors §2
No Code Repository: With the vast majority of cryptocurrency projects employing open source code, your due diligence investigation should start at GitHub or Sourceforge. If the project has no entries, or nothing but cloned code, you should avoid it at all costs. Anonymous Team: If the team members are hard to find, or if you see they are exaggerating or lying about their experience, you should steer clear. And do not forget, in addition to taking proper precautions when investing in ICOs, you must always make sure that you are visiting authentic web pages, especially for web wallets. If, for example, you are on a spoof MyEtherWallet web page you could divulge your private key without realizing it and have your entire portfolio of Ether and ERC-20 tokens cleaned out.
Methods to Avoid falling Victim
Avoiding scammers and the traps they set for you is all about asking yourself the right questions, starting with: Is there a need for a Blockchain solution for the particular problem that a particular ICO is attempting to solve? The existing solution may be less costly, less time consuming, and more effective than the proposals of a team attempting to fill up their soft cap in an ICO. The following quote from Mihai Ivascu, the CEO of Modex, should be kept in mind every time you are grading an ICO’s chances of success: “I’m pretty sure that 95% of ICOswill not last, and many will go bankrupt. ….. not everything needs to be decentralized and put on an open source ledger.”
Methods to Avoid falling Victim §2 Do I Trust These People with My Money, or Not?
If you continue to feel uneasy about investing in the project, more due diligence is needed. The developers must be qualified and competent enough to complete the objectives that they have set out in the whitepaper.
Is this too good to be true?
All victims of the well-known social media scams using fake profiles of Vitalik Buterin, or Bitconnect investors for that matter, should have asked themselves this simple question, and their investment would have been saved. In the case of Bitconnect, huge guaranteed gains proportional to the amount of people you can get to sign up was a blatant pyramid scheme, obviously too good to be true. The same goes for Fake Vitalik’s offer of 1 ether in exchange for 0.1 ETH.
Selling Cryptocurrencies, Several reasons for selling with the appropriate actions to take:
If you are selling to buy into an ICO, or maybe believe Ether is a safer currency to hold for a certain period of time, it is likely you will want to make use of the Ether pair and receive Ether in return. Obviously if the ICO is on the NEO or WANchain blockchain for example, you will use the appropriate pair. -Trading to buy into another promising project that is listing on the exchange on which you are selling (or you think the exchange will experience a large amount of volume and become a larger exchange), you may want to trade your cryptocurrency for that exchange token. -If you believe that BTC stands a good chance of experiencing a bull run then using the BTC trading pair is the suitable choice. -If you believe that the market is about to experience a correction but you do not want to take your gains out of the market yet, selling for Tether or “tethering up” is the best play. This allows you to keep your locked-in profits on the exchange, unaffected by the price movements in the cryptocurrency markets,so that you can buy back in at the most profitable moment. -If you wish to “cash out” i.e. sell your cryptocurrency for fiat currency and have those funds in your bank account, the best pair to use is ETH or BTC because you will likely have to transfer to an exchange like Kraken or Coinbase to convert them into fiat. If the exchange offers Litecoin or Bitcoin Cash pairs it could be a good idea to use these for their fast transaction time and low fees.
Selling Cryptocurrencies
Knowing when and how to sell, as well as strategies to inflate the value of your trade before sale, are important skills as a trader of any product or financial instrument. If you are satisfied that the sale itself of the particular amount of a token or coin you are trading away is the right one, then you must decide at what price you are going to sell. Exchanges exercise their own discretion as to which trading “pairs” they will offer, but the most common ones are BTC, ETH, BNB for Binance, BIX for Bibox etc., and sometimes Tether (USDT) or NEO. As a trader, you decide which particular cryptocurrency to exchange depending on your reason for making that specific trade at that time.
Methods of Sale
Market sell/Limit sell on exchange: A limit sell is an order placed on an exchange to sell as soon as (also specifically only if and when) the price you specified has been hit within the time limit you select. A market order executes the sale immediately at the best possible price offered by the market at that exact time. OTC (or Over the Counter) selling refers to sale of securities or cryptocurrencies in any method without using an exchange to intermediate the trade and set the price. The most common way of conducting sales in this manner is through LocalBitcoins.com. This method of cryptocurrency selling is far riskier than using an exchange, for obvious reasons.
The influence and value of your Trade
There are a number of strategies you can use to appreciate the value of your trade and thus increase the Bitcoin or Ether value of your portfolio. It is important to disassociate yourself from the dollar value of your portfolio early on in your cryptocurrency trading career simply because the crypto market is so volatile you will end up pulling your hair out in frustration following the real dollar money value of your holdings. Once your funds have been converted into BTC and ETH they are completely in the crypto sphere. (Some crypto investors find it more appropriate to monitor the value of their portfolio in satoshi or gwei.) Certainly not limited to, but especially good for beginners, the most reliable way to increase your trading profits, and thus the overall value and health of your portfolio, is to buy into promising projects, hold them for 6 months to a year, and then reevaluate. This is called Long term holding and is the tactic that served Bitcoin HODLers quite well, from 2013 to the present day. Obviously, if something comes to light about the project that indicates a lengthy set back is likely, it is often better to cut your losses and sell. You are better off starting over and researching other projects. Also, you should set initial Price Points at which you first take out your original investment, and then later, at which you take out all your profits and exit the project. That should be after you believe the potential for growth has been exhausted for that particular project.
Another method of increasing the value of your trades is ICO flipping. This is the exact opposite of long term holding. This is a technique in which you aim for fast profits taking advantage of initial enthusiasm in the market that may double or triple the value of ICO projects when they first come to market. This method requires some experience using smaller exchanges like IDEX, on which project tokens can be bought and sold before listing on mainstream exchanges. “Tethering up” means to exchange tokens or coins for the USDT stable coin, the value of which is tethered to the US Dollar. If you learn, or know how to use, technical analysis, it is possible to predict when a market retreatment is likely by looking at the price movements of BTC. If you decide a market pull back is likely, you can tether up and maintain the dollar value of your portfolio in tether while other tokens and coins decrease in value. The you wait for an opportune moment to reenter the market.
Market Behavior in Different Time Periods
The main descriptors used for overall market sentiment are “Bull Market” and “Bear Market”. The former describes a market where people are buying on optimism. The latter describes a market where people are selling on pessimism. Fun (or maybe not) fact: The California grizzly bear was brought to extinction by the love of bear baiting as a sport in the mid 1800s. Bears were highly sought after for their intrinsic fighting qualities, and were forced into fighting bulls as Sunday morning entertainment for Californians. What has this got to do with trading and financial markets? The downward swipe of the bear’s paws gives a “Bear market” its name and the upward thrust of a Bull’s horns give the “Bull Market” its name. Most unfortunately for traders, the bear won over 80% of the bouts. During a Bull market, optimism can sometimes grow to be seemingly boundless, volume is rising, and prices are ascending. It can be a good idea to sell or rebalance your portfolio at such a time, especially if you have a particularly large position in one holding or another. This is especially applicable if you need to sell a large amount of a relatively low-volume holding, because you can then do so without dragging the price down by the large size of your own sell order.
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投資目的の仮想通貨取引

初めまして!2019年にICO・STOを開始する方法が知っているPlatinumという会社のCrowdsale PlatformのプロジェクトオーナーSlava Mikhalkinと申します。 発売など考えましたら、弊社はICO・STOの広告や推進のをお手伝いすることができます。 弊社のサービスのリストをご覧ください。 Platinum.fund また、UBAIというプロジェクトに参加しています。これはブロックチェーンで最も効果的なオンライン教育を提供するプロジェクトです。 2019年にICO・ STOを開始する方法を教えることができます。今日、私は暗号通貨を売って、移す方法について説明したいと思います。
主要取引所
金融取引所は、商品、デリバティブ、為替、有価証券またはその他の金融商品を取引するためのフォーラムまたはプラットフォームです。取引所の主な関心は、当事者間の取引を公正かつ合法的に行うこと。取引されている商品の価格情報が信頼できるものであることを確実にすることです。
ユーザーは、取引所では、法定通貨(fiat currency)または他の仮想通貨のために、仮想通貨またはデジタル通貨を取引できる。ほとんどの取引所では、既に暗号化された通貨のうちのいずれかの通貨を交換した後、異なる仮想通貨資産をBTCまたはETHと交換することができます。 CoinbaseとKrakenは二つの仮想通貨のエコシステムの大手取引所です。 機能と歴史
マーケットメーカーは取引を円滑にするために手数料としてビッド/スプレッドを取ります。または取引が行われる取引所を運営するためにわずかな手数料を請求することができます。
ほとんどの仮想通貨取引所は欧米諸国の外で行われるため、厳しい財務規制や高額で時間のかかる法的手続きを避けることができます。 これらの事業体は、多くの場合、複数の銀行口座を維持し、両替所が顧客の通貨を受け入れ、世界中の顧客からの取引を処理することを可能にするものです。 “ “機能と履歴 §2
デジタル資産取引のコンセプトは、2000年代後半以降に出て来ました。デジタル資産取引を実行する初期の試みは、銀行業界決済通システムを中断させる問題を予見しています。
デジタル資産または電子資産の取引は、ビットコインの創設よりも数年前に起こりました。2004年後半にオーストラリアの証券投資委員会(ASIC)に最初の電子商取引機関が法的な問題に巻き込まれました。
Goldex、SydneyGoldSales、Ozzigoldなどの企業は、ASICがオーストラリア金融サービスライセンスなしで営業していることが判明した後、自発的にシャットダウンします。
貴金属のグラムをデジタル形式で交換したE-Goldは最初のデジタル取引所であり、ユーザーは他のE-Goldメンバーの口座に即座に移動することができます。 2006年のピーク時に、E-Goldは20億ドル分の取引を処理し、500万人を超えるユーザーベースを誇っていました。 “ “人気のある取引所
ここからは、より一般的で出来高が高い取引所の機能と操作履歴の概要を紹介します。これらの取引所は、業界標準であり、最も信頼されているからです。
Bitfinex (ビットフィネックス)
iFinex Incが所有し、運営している仮想通貨取引プラットフォームであるBitfinexは、2017年後半にかけてこの地球上で最大のBTC取引所となりました。Bitfinexは香港とUS Virgin Islandに本拠を置いています。トレーダーはレバレッジを使ってポジションを開くことができます。例えば、2倍のレバレッジでマージンポジションを開くと儲けも損も2倍になります。
議論の余地はありますが、いわゆる「安定したコイン」テザー(Tether, USDT)の使用はBitfinexによって開拓されました。
Binance (バイナンス)
Binanceは、国際的、多言語的な仮想通貨取引所です。最初の中間段階から今日の仮想通貨取引市場を支配するようになりました。2017年後期/ 2018年の初めのブル・ランの間、Binanceは毎週200万人の新規ユーザーを追加していました。同社のサーバーは単にその取引量のビジネスに追いつけなかったため、新しい登録を一時中止しなければならなりませんでした。新規ユーザーの一時禁止が解除された後、Binanceは2時間以内に240,000の新しいアカウントを追加しました。
続きはこちら! “ “取引所は何の役割を果たしているのでしょうか。
エコシステム内のさまざまなニーズに対応するいくつかの異なるタイプの取引所がありますが、その機能は次の要因に記述することができます。
● ユーザーがフィアット(円やドルなどの法定通貨)、を仮想通貨に変換できるようにする。 ● アルトコインを買うため、BTCまたはETHを取引する。 ● オークションマーケットメカニズムを通じてすべての仮想通貨資産の価格設定を容易にする。
簡単に言えば、暗号化された通貨を掘り起こす(マイニング)か購入することができます。また、マイニングのプロセスは高価なマイニング設備を購入する必要があります。 取引所は投資家がフィアットを用いて仮想通貨を手に入れる方法を提供します。
仮想通貨取引所は以下の3つのエクスチェンジタイプのうちの1つに大まかに区別できます。それぞれ、わずかな異なるロールの組み合わせがあります。” “取引所のタイプ
1.伝統的な仮想通貨取引所:
これらは、買い手と売り手の間で仲介役を果たします。取引を円滑に進めるためわずかな手数料を請求することで、買い手と売り手が希望する資産の現在の市場価格で取引する伝統的な証券取引所に最もよく似たタイプです。 KrakenとGDAXは、この種類の仮想通貨取引所の一例です。仲介者なしで作動する完全なピアツーピアの取引所には、分散型取引所の例でもあるEtherDeltaやIDEXなどがあります。
2.仮想通貨ブローカー:
これらはTravelexのように動作するウェブサイトまたはアプリベース取引所です。顧客がブローカーによって設定された価格(通常は市場価格に小さなプレミアム)で仮想通貨資産を購入または販売することを許可します。コインベースはこの種類の取引所の例です。
3.直接取引プラットフォーム:
これらのプラットフォームは買い手と売り手の間で直接的なPeer to Peer (ピアツーピア)取引を提供しますが、このような取引プラットフォームは利用しないでください。これらのタイプの取引所は、設定された市場レートを使用しません。むしろ、売り手は独自のレートを設定します。これは非常に危険な取引形態であり、一般投資家には勧められません。 “ “仮想通貨取引所がどのように機能し、上記の役割を果たしているかを理解するためには、従来の証券取引所を見る必要があります。仮想通貨取引所のほとんどの機能は、従来の証券取引所での取引機能に似ています。
最も簡単な言葉で言えば、取引所は買い手や売り手にケータリングすることによってあらゆる種類の仮想通貨資産の主要市場としての役割を果たします。
以下は、基本的な機能と知るべき機能の定義です。
マーケットオーダー: 現在の市場価格で即座に実行される注文。
リミットオーダー: これは、トレーダーが指定した価格まで上昇した場合、または指定された期間内にその価格が下がった場合にのみ実行される注文です。
取引手数料:取引所は通常、買い手と売り手の両方に課される取引手数料を請求するが、売り手だけが手数料を請求されることがある。通常は0.75%以下ですが、手数料は取引所によって異なります。
振込手数料:実際には不正な行為がないように、エスクローエージェントの一種として機能しているため、自分のウォレットから仮想通貨を引き出す場合は、わずかな手数料を請求されることがあります。” “規制環境と進化
Silk Roadのダークネット市場が閉鎖されて以来、仮想通貨は長い道のりを歩んできました。犯罪者のための仮想通貨の考え方は、不正確で時代遅れであると主に考えられてきました。 このセクションでは、地域ごとに仮想通貨を取り巻く規制の策定に焦点を当て、今後の可能性についても検討します。
アメリカ合衆国
連邦または州レベルでの一貫したアプローチは、まだ米国で実施されていません。金融犯罪執行ネットワークは、仮想通貨取引所はBTCの「送金者」というラベルに該当する可能性があることを示唆しています。他の送金者と同じようにAML(Anti-money Laundering)とKYC手続きに参加する必要があります。州レベルでは、テキサス州は既存の金融法を適用しています。ニューヨークはまったく新しいライセンス制度を導入しました。
欧州連合
EUのアプローチは、Bitcoinの創設に先立つ電子マネーを支配する既存の法律の適応可能性のために、一般的に米国よりもはるかに仮想通貨は受け入れられています。米国と同様、EUの主な懸念は、マネーロンダリングと犯罪です。
欧州中央銀行(ECB)は、BTCを「転換可能な非中央集権型通貨」と分類し、EU内のすべての中央銀行に対し、適切な枠組み規制が導入されるまで任意の仮想通貨取引を控えるよう勧告しました。新しい技術を利用していた潜在的なマネーロンダリングを防止し調査するために、欧州議会がタスクフォースを設立しました。
“ “規制環境と進化 §2
欧州連合(EU)と北米の仮想通貨取引業者の今後の規制はおそらく次のような提案から成り立つと考えられます。
● 脱税を防止し、マネーロンダリングを削減するために、ユーザーが匿名のままでいられないように、完全なKYC手続きの開始。 ● 伝統的な現金取引の金額上限と同様に、仮想通貨で行うことができる支払いの上限。 ● 仮想通貨に関する税金義務を課すルールの制定。 ● 仮想通貨と現金の取引を提供する企業のECBによる規制。
他の国が中国のアプローチに従う可能性は少なく、仮想通貨取引を完全に禁止する可能性は低いとみられます。すべての利益と要素を考慮したバランスのとれた調整的な規制の枠組みの中で、このブロックチェーン技術を成長させることは、より進歩的かつ賢明と広く考えられています。 最も厳しい規制は、法律を制定し、仮想通貨規制を管理するための新しい政府機関の設立である可能性が高いが、おそらくそれは簡単なことではありません。仮想通貨の匿名性と分散性のために、特定の規則を実施することは、場合によっては非常に困難なことがあります。
“ “人口統計による仮想通貨と投資家の行動
仮想通貨は根本的に暗号化コミュニティに組み込まれているため、初期の採用者の大多数がそのグループを代表しています。このセクションでは、異なる取引決定の背後にある理由と同様に、仮想通貨市場サイクルの基本構造とコミュニティ全体の構成について説明します。
仮想通貨のマーケットサイクル
ビットコインがブル・ラリーを率いている。
FOMO(参加できないことの恐怖)が発生すると、価格急騰は主要ニュースの絶え間ない話題になり、ビジネス番組が話題をカバーし、ソーシャルメディアは仮想通貨の話題で溢れています。
ビットコインは新たなAll Time High(ATH)市場の満足感に拍車がかけられ、さらに誇大宣伝(hype)が繰り広げられており、そのサイクルに全力で繰り返されています。 ビットコインの流行、一見止まらない上昇についてのニュースと解説の絶え間ない流れがあります。
ビットコインの価格は “”安定””し、2017年のブル・ランでは14,000ドル前後で推移した。
ビットコインと一緒に、多くの大きなマーケットキャップのアルトコインが登場します。この時点でアルトコインを導いているのはETH&LTC。
FOMOが機能し新しいATHには大量のアルトコインを押し上げることになります。 “ “仮想通貨のマーケットサイクル §2
トップのアルトコインがATHの後にいくらか安定する。
狂気は、仮想通貨の成功事例、注目すべき人物、そして有名人のニュースへと続く。
あまり知られていない仮想通貨の大部分は、右肩上がりの勢いで続いています。
新参入者は仮想通貨に深く引き込まれ、CoinbaseやKrakenのような主要なエントリーポイント以外の取引所にサインアップします。 2017年にBinanceは新たな登録を受けました。最も安いコインの中には、2017年12月の初めに時価総額が1億5,000万ドルから160億ドルに上昇したTron TRXのような例があります。この段階では、死んでしまったコインや既知の詐欺も払拭されます。
仮想通貨の大部分の価格は安定し、 一部は収縮し始めます。Hype PRが巨大な仮想通貨事件の操業の後に落ち込んでいるとき、それは大規模な売却シグナルです。伝統的な投資家は、このような非常に激しい資産クラスにお金を払うことに注意する必要があるかインタビューを始めます。
市場が崩壊し始める。
BTCは、毎日一貫して崩壊し、パニックは市場を席巻しています。
うつ病 は、市場でも、利益を得られなかった個人投資家の心にも蔓延します。投資家は差し迫った崩壊の兆候に気づいています。 価格の停滞は、数ヶ月、あるいは何年も続く可能性があります。 最終的に、再び最初のサイクルの始めに戻ります。” “貿易に及ぼす年齢の影響
ご存知ですか? “仮想通貨は若者(millenials)のための株式。””
グローバルブロックチェーンビジネス協議会(Global Blockchain Business Council)の調査によると、アメリカの国民のわずか5%がビトコインを所有しています。所有者の71%が男性で圧倒的多数であり、58%が18歳から35歳の間であり、その半数以上が少数派です。
同じ調査では、国債や株が提供する安全で保証された小額の利益と比較すれば、潜在性の高いリスク/高いリターンの性質に対する公衆の態度が明らかになり、投資家の30%が仮想通貨に$1,000を投資することを選んでいます。若者の内42%以上が仮想通貨を知っていましたが、65歳以上の人は15%に過ぎませんでした。
ポートフォリオ管理に対する高齢化の影響と高齢者の意思決定の質に関するGeorge M. KorniotisとAlok Kumarの研究では、高齢者や経験豊富な投資家は、より大きな投資知識を反映し、「経験則」に従う傾向があります。しかし、高齢の投資家は、投資スキルが低下し、投資知識の習得は不得手です。教育を受けておらず、所得が低い場合には、これは一層顕著です。 “ “取引における地理的影響
明白な季節的低迷と仮想通貨価格の流れの主な要因の1つは、仮想通貨ホルダーの濃度が最も高いさまざまな地域における税務状況です。税務シーズンが毎年1月中旬から始まり、4月以降に回復し始め、全体的な市場への波及も見られます。これは、税務シーズンが欧米でほぼ同時で、米国では4月15日の所得税申告期限があり、4月6日に英国が正式に終了する課税年度であるためです。時間通りにすべてのキャピタルゲインを申告しなければなりませんし、税金を支払います。
世界中のキャピタルゲイン税は地域ごとに異なりますが、最終的な長期利益を得るためには、仮想通貨を売る前に1年以上保有することが必要です。たとえば、米国とオーストラリアでは、投資目的で仮想通貨を購入して1年以上保有していれば、キャピタルゲインが減少します。ドイツでは、1年以上仮想通貨保有されている場合、その売却益には課税されません。ケースバイケースで個々の納税申告に適用され、居住する地域の税法に違反しないことは投資家の責任です。 “ “2013年のブル・ラン対2017年のブル・ラン価格分析
2016年後半には、本物のブル・ランが始まり、あるいは「デッド・キャット・バウンス」と呼ばれるもの(伝統的な市場用語で、暴落の後の僅かな回復)を区別するという課題に直面していました。 2013年ビットコインの価格の急騰は、2013年11月に、MicrosoftとPayPalによるBTC支払いの採用に関する素晴らしいニュースの1年後に、$1,100の価格でピークを迎えました。実際には、チャートに登場するラインを見て話をするのは簡単ですが、現実的には、実際に上げ相場であるかどうかを区別することは困難です。
ここでは、なぜ2017年のブル・ランが2013年のラリーを上回るのかについて、投資家に手がかりを与えた要因について議論します。これは小額の価格上昇の兆候と本格的な暴騰の開始を区別する方法を洞察するのに役立ちます。
最も重要なことに、出来高は2017年にははるかに高値でした。下の図に示されているように、2017年のボリュームは2013年の価格上昇時のBTC取引量をはるかに上回っていました。 “ “私的市場における詐欺行為と不道徳行為
Ponziスキーム
仮想通貨のPonziスキームについては、レッスン7で詳しく説明しますが、ここではPonziスキームの主な機能とそのポイントを見つける方法について簡単に説明します。
仮想通貨と従来の投資の両方で、Ponziスキームのいくつかの重要な指標があります:
● リスクの少ない高収益の約束を保証します。 ● 市況に関係なく一貫したリターンの流れ。 ● 証券取引委員会(SEC)に登録されていない投資。 ● 投資戦略は秘密であるか、あまりにも複雑すぎると説明されています。 ● 投資家は公式書類を見ることができませんでした。 ● 顧客はお金を取り戻すことは難しい。 ● 後の投資家にはほとんど知られていない可能性が高いこのスキームの最初のメンバーは、新しい投資家の現金で「配当」または「利益」が支払われます。
伝統的な業界で最も有名なPonzi詐欺の例は、Bernie L. Madoff Investment Securities LLCとの$100億の不正な取引です。仮想通貨業界でBitConnectは、最大で20億ドルの時価総額を誇る、完全に詐欺的なプロジェクトの中で最も悪名高いケースです。 “ “取引所のハッキング
仮想通貨の歴史は、ハッキングされた取引所の例で溢れています。その中には、捜査が永遠に終わらないほど深刻なものもあります。すでに議論したように、Alexander Vinnikが率いる信じられないほど技術に精通した精鋭コンピューターハッカー団は、2012年から2014年の間にMtGoxから850,000BTCを盗みました。その結果、取引所の閉鎖と新たな仮想通貨資産クラスへのハンマーの一撃で、それはまだ今日まで残っています。
BitGrail取引所は、2017年後半と2018年初めに同様の攻撃を受けました。一時点で約1億9,500万ドル価値のNano(XRB)が盗まれました。最も有名な取引所の一つであるBitfinexでさえ、顧客口座から7,200万ドル分のBTCが直接盗まれた2016年のハックを経験しました。
ハードウェアウォレットの詐欺事例
2017年の後半、「ムーディー・ロケット」の名前を付けた、Redditの不運な人物が、新しく買ったハードウェアウォレットから、彼の全財産である$34,000が複雑な詐欺で盗まれました。彼は、詐欺師が所有している中古のLedger deviceを買いました。
彼は使用されているrecover seed が無作為と思い込んでいましたが、割り当てられたseedではないことを知らずにLedger deviceを使い始めました。数週間後、詐欺師は襲い掛かって来て、XRP、Dash、Litecoinを自分のウォレットから失いました(おそらく数少ない中間ウォレットを通じて、識別される可能性は非常に低い)。 “ “ハードウェアウォレット詐欺事例
ソーシャルメディア詐欺
多くの不幸なツイッターユーザーは、説得力のある有名人のツイッタープロフィールと、ETHやBTCを搾取するためのボットの組み合わせで、最近の詐欺師の犠牲になりました。
詐欺師は、Vitalik ButerinやElon Muskのようなテクノロジー界の有名人とほぼ同じハンドルを持つプロファイルを設定します。そして、つぶやきの中で真正のメッセージに続いて、次の100人の幸運な人たちのためにボーナスを与え、0.1 ETHを送って、1 ETHを送り返させます。続いて、詐欺師のウォレットアドレス。次の20人ほどの回答は、いわゆるsockpuppet botsで、詐欺アカウントに感謝表します。したがって、ポットは餌をつけられ、詐欺師は0.1ETHの何百もの寄付を自分のウォレットに受け取ることを期待できます。 Vitalik Buterinのような大きなフォロワーベースを持つツイッターユーザーは、詐欺から守るために、自分のユーザー名に「ETHを送らない」よう追記しました。
市場操作
また、市場操作が行われていることも認識しなければなりません。すなわちクジラ(大口投資家)にとっては、自分の利益のために市場を完全に不道徳で不利な形でコントロールする方法はたくさんあります。取引量が非常に少ない仮想通貨を操作することは特に簡単です。マニピュレータは、大きな買い注文を出したり売ったりして、価格の動きに影響します。
Bitcoin CashがCoinbaseに掲載されたときには、インサイダー取引もまた重要な問題でした。 “ “ICO詐欺行為の例
過去2年間で、不正なICOで膨大な金額が失われました。投資する前に、最大限の注意を払わなければなりません。後で詳しく説明しますが、現時点では、ICO詐欺の主な例を見ることは有益です。
最近の悪意的ICOの例は、詐欺行為の原因となっています。最も有名なのは、BenebitとPlexCoin ICOで、前者は4百万ドル、後者は1500万ドルです。
おそらく最も厄介で有害なICOの詐欺はベトナムのPincoin ICO事業で、この詐欺師が資金が消え去る前に32,000人の投資家から660万ドルが調達されたであろうと推察されます。 より小さなICO「exit scamming」の場合、通常は詐欺師が発見される可能性はゼロです。取られた財産は取り戻すことできません。
詐欺師の特徴
特定のプロジェクトやICOを調査する際には、以下の要素は赤信号とみなされます。投資するかどうかを決める際には、これらすべてを考慮する必要があります。
ホワイトペーパーは流行語の盛り合わせです:ホワイトペーパーは目的の明確さがほとんどなく、関連する技術についての議論があまりなく、流行語の盛り合わせに過ぎない場合は、詐欺である可能性が圧倒的に高いです。 “ “詐欺師の特徴 §2
コードリポジトリの欠如: オープンソースコードを採用している大部分の暗号化プロジェクトでは、デューデリジェンス調査はGitHubまたはSourceforgeから開始する必要があります。プロジェクトにエントリがない場合やクローンコード以外のものがない場合は、それを避けてください。
匿名のチーム:チームメンバーが見つけにくい場合や、誇張されたり、自分の経験について嘘をついていると思われる場合は、敬遠すべきです。
そして、ICOに投資する際に適切な注意を払うことに加えて、本物のウェブページ、特にウェブウォレットを訪れていることを常に確認しなければならないことを忘れないでください。たとえば、MyEtherWalletの偽装Webページを利用している場合、秘密鍵を認識せずに公開し、ETHおよびERC-20トークンの全ポートフォリオを消去することができます。
被害者にならない方法
彼らがあなたのために設定した詐欺とトラップを避けることは、以下から始まる正しい質問を自分自身に求めることです。
特定のICOが解決しようとしている特定の問題に対するブロックチェーンソリューションが必要ですか? 既存のソリューションは、コストがかからず、時間もかかりませんか? ICOの成功の可能性を評価するたびに、Modex社のCEOであるMihai Ivascu氏の次のアドバイスを留意する必要があります。””ICOの95%が失敗する、数多くは倒産すると確信しています。すべてが非中央集権化されるべき、オープンソース台帳に置かれる必要はありません。””
“ “被害者にならない方法 §2
このプロジェックトチームを信用しますか? 自分のお金を任せるほど信頼しますか?そうではありませんか? プロジェクトへの投資について不安を感じ続ける場合は、より多くのデューデリジェンスが必要です。開発者は、ホワイトペーパーに記載されている目標を達成するのに十分な資格を持ち、能力を備えていなければなりません。
これは本当に良いことですか?
Vitalik ButerinやBitconnectの投資家の偽のプロファイルを使ってよく知られているソーシャルメディア詐欺の被害者は、この簡単な質問をしていたはずです。 Bitconnectの場合、サインアップできる人の量に比例した大きな保証された利益は、明らかなピラミッドスキームでした。 0.1 ETHの代わりにFake Vitalikの1ETH提供にも同じことが言えます。
ubai.coでは詐欺事例やそのプロジェクトの職別方法についてもっと詳しく勉強できます!” “仮想通貨の販売 適切な行動をとって販売する理由はいくつかあります。
● ICOを購入するために販売している場合、またはETHが一定の期間保留するより安全な通貨であると考えている場合は、ETHペアを利用してETHを受け取ることが望ましいでしょう。明らかにICOがNEOまたはWANchainブロックチェーン上にある場合は、適切なペアを使用します。 ● 販売している取引所に上場している別の有望なプロジェクトを買うための取引(あるいは、取引所が大量の取引をし、より大きな取引所になると思う場合)、その取引所トークンを扱うことができます。 ● BTCが値上げする可能性が高いと考えられる場合は、BTC取引ペアを使用するのが適切な選択です。 ● 市場が訂正を求められようとしているが、仮想通貨を売っても利益を取りたくない場合は、Tetherを売却するか、または「テザリングする」ことが最善の方法です。 ● 「現金化」をする、つまり、現金通貨のために仮想通貨を販売し、それらの資金を自分の銀行口座に入れたいのであれば、KrakenやCoinbaseのような取引所に転送しなければ成りません。取引所がLTCまたはBCHペアを提供している場合は、早い取引時間と低い手数料のためにこれらを使用することをお勧めします。 “ “仮想通貨の販売
販売前の貿易の価値を高める戦略と同様に、いつ、どのように販売するかを知ることは、商品や金融商品のトレーダーとして重要なスキルです。あなたが離れて取引しているトークンまたはコインの特定の金額の販売自体が正しいものであることに満足している場合、あなたはあなたが販売しようとしている価格を決定しなければなりません。
取引所が提供するトレーディング “”ペア””は取引所独自で行使しますが、最も一般的なものはBTC、ETH、BNB(Binance用)、BIX(Bibox用)、時にはTether(USDT)またはNEOです。トレーダーとして、その特定の取引をする理由に応じて、どちらの仮想通貨を使うかを決定します。
売却の方法
成り行き売り注文/指値売り注文: Market Sell Order & Limit Sell Order 成り行きマーケット注文は、その時に市場が提供する最良の価格で即座に販売を実行します。リミテッド売りは、指定した価格が選択した期限内に当たった時点で(その場合に限り)すぐに売りに出される、有効な注文になります。
OTC(Over The Counter)売却とは、取引所か他の第三者が価格を設定することなく、買い手売り手両者間が直接に値段を決め、取引を行う。この方法で販売を行う最も一般的な方法はLocalBitcoins.comです。明白な理由から、OTC売却方法は、取引所を使用する方法より危険です。 “ “取引の影響と価値
トレードの価値を評価し、ポートフォリオのBTCまたはETHの価値を高めるために使用できる戦略はいくつかあります。仮想通貨市場が非常に揮発性があるため、ポートフォリオのドル価値から自分自身を分離することが重要です。資金がBTCとETHに変換されると、もう完全に暗号領域に入ります。
確かに初心者にとどまらず、特にトレーディング収益を上げる最も信頼できる方法、すなわちポートフォリオの全体的な価値と健全性を高める方法は、有望なプロジェクトを購入し、6ヶ月から1年間保有してから、再評価することです。これは長期保有と、2013年から現在までビットコイン HODLersにかなり役立った戦術です。明らかに、長い遅滞の可能性が高いことを示すプロジェクトについて何かが出たら、損失を避けるか減らすため、売るほうがよい場合もあります。最初からやり直して他のプロジェクトを研究するほうがよいです。また、元の投資を最初に取り出す価格ポイントを設定し、その後、すべての利益を取り上げてプロジェクトを終了する必要があります。それは、そのプロジェクトの成長可能性が枯渇したと考えた後でなければなりません。 “ “取引の影響と価値 §2
取引の価値を上げるもう一つの方法は、 ICOの反転です。これは長期保有とはまったく反対です。これは、市場における最初の熱意を利用して、高速利益を目指すテクニックです。最初に市場に出る時ICOプロジェクトの価値を2倍または3倍にする可能性があります。この方法では、IDEXのような小規模な取引所を使用する経験が必要です。メインストリーム取引所に上場する前にプロジェクトトークンを購入して販売することができます。
「テザリングアップ」 とは、USDTの安定した硬貨のためにトークンまたは硬貨を交換することを意味し、その価値は米ドルに縛られています。 テクニカル分析を学んだり、使用する方法を知っていれば、BTCの価格動向を見て市場の再治療がいつ起こるかを予測することができます。市場に再び入るために、適切な瞬間を待ちます。 “ “異なる期間における市場行動
市場全体の感情に使用される主な記述子は、「Bull Market」と「Bear Market」です。前者は、人々が楽観的に買っている市場を表しています。後者は、人々が悲観的に売っている市場を表しています。
ご存知ですか? カリフォルニア州の熊グリズリーは、1800年代半ばにスポーツハンティングによって絶滅に至りました。熊は本質的に戦闘的な性質のために捕獲され、カリフォルニア人の日曜朝のエンターテイメントとして雄牛と戦うことを余儀なくされました。これは取引市場や金融市場と何が関係しているのでしょうか。熊が下向きに前脚を振り下ろすことは「ベアマーケット」という名前を付けられ、上向きに突き上げる牡牛の角の攻撃は「ブルマーケット」の名前を与えられています。 トレーダーにとっては残念なことに、クマは試合の80%以上に勝ちました。
強気市場では、楽観主義が一見無限に拡大し、量が増加し、価格が上昇することがあります。このような時にポートフォリオを売却またはリバランスさせることは良いアイデアです。これは、比較的少量の保有を大量に販売する必要がある場合に特に当てはまります。これは、自分の売り注文の大きなサイズで価格を引き下げることなく行うことができるためです。 “
これまでさまざまなコインやICOトークンの暗号通貨スペースで観察された一般的な行動パターンを知るようになります。 詳細はこちらです: UBAI.co
セキュリティトークンの機能について勉強して、暗号化世界でプロフェッショナルになることに興味がありましたら、お気軽にFacebookまでご連絡ください。 Facebook
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